Parenting Tips & Topics: Early Signs of Autism Spectrum Disorder

psych chick blog image 3     

PARENTING TIPS & TOPICS: Early Signs of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Behavioral Feature Observable 6 to 12 months Observable 12 to 30 months
Response to others’ social input

 

  • Poor eye contact
  • Poor eye contact
  • Infrequent or delayed responses when name is called
  • Inattentive to others pointing or eye direction cue
  • Infrequent playful imitation of others’ actions
  • Shows little interest in other children
  • Poor eye contact
  • Infrequent or delayed responses when name is called
  • Inattentive to others pointing or eye direction cue
  • Infrequent playful imitation of others’ actions
  • Shows little interest in other children
Social Interaction

 

  • Passive
  • Limited facial expression during social interaction
  • Infrequent smiling at others with eye contact
  • Infrequent attempts to point out or show objects or events of own interest
  • Limited facial expression during social interaction
  • Infrequent smiling at others to show enjoyment
  • Rarely initiates social smiles to share enjoyment
  • Infrequent attempts to point out or show objects or events of own interest
  • Limited facial expression during social interaction
  • Infrequent smiling at others to show enjoyment
  • Rarely initiates social smiles to share enjoyment
Communication & Play

 

  • Delayed babbling
  • Limited exploration of toys and objects
  • Low variety of speech sounds or gestures when trying to communicate
  • Delayed language development
  • Limited variety of play with toys
  • Infrequently coordinates eye contact with gestures and speech sounds to communicate
  • Low variety of speech sounds or gestures when trying to communicate
  • Delayed language development
  • Limited variety of play with toys
  • Infrequently coordinates eye contact with gestures and speech sounds to communicate
Sensory & Motor

 

  • Tenses hands, arms, legs, or mouth
  • Low muscle tone or “floppy”
  • Poor motor coordination or motor delay (sitting, crawling)
  • Seeks firm pressure on body
  • Intense interest in shiny or moving things
  • Tenses hands, arms, legs, or mouth
  • Poor motor coordination or motor delay
  • Seeks firm pressure on body
  • Intense interest in shiny or moving things
  • Tenses hands, arms, legs, or mouth
  • Poor motor coordination or motor delay
  • Seeks firm pressure on body
  • Intense interest in shiny or moving things

**Source Kennedy Krieger Institute research studies

LINK TO MORE INFORMATION: